It may be difficult to remember a time before the EcoBoost engine was available in the Ford lineup, but the fuel-efficient engines are marking their 10th anniversary.
Ford began production of EcoBoost engines on May 19, 2009 at Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1. It debuted with the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V6 used in the Ford Taurus SHO and Lincoln MKS sedans, as well as the Ford Flex and Lincoln MKT crossovers.
The engines combine direct injection technology and turbocharging, which has been a key part of the company’s strategy to increase fuel efficiency and reduce emissions across its lineup without sacrificing the capability of a larger displacement engine.
EcoBoost engines create more precise fuel delivery than other engines through direct injection, which also creates lower emissions and improved efficiency. The engine also pressurizes incoming air, which significantly increases the engine’s output while mitigating the traditional disadvantages of “boosting” – turbo lag and knock – through its pairing with direct injection.
The first EcoBoost engines were expected to achieve a 20 percent increase in fuel efficiency and a 15 percent reduction in carbon dioxide emissions compared to larger engines.
In its first full year of production in 2010, more than 62,700 vehicles with the technology were built. The 2 millionth EcoBoost engine rolled off the line at Louisville in October 2013.
The 5-millionth EcoBoost-equipped vehicle was produced in 2015, which was also the first full year in which EcoBoost-equipped engines were available on 100 percent of Ford’s passenger vehicles sold in the United States.
Ford introduced the EcoBoost’s capability to its venerable F-150 in 2011, selling a million trucks with the engine choice by 2016.